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HOW GLOBAL ANTI-MUSLIM BIGOTRY BECAME ACCEPTABLE
#46
SOME OF YOU READING THIS ARTICLE WILL NOT HAVE BEEN BORN IN 1995 WHEN THE WORST MASSACRES AND GENOCIDE OF EUROPEAN BOSNIAN MUSLIMS TOOK PLACE RIGHT UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE UN NOT ONLY IN SREBENICA BUT OTHER PARTS OF BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA. WHAT HAPPENED THERE COULD HAPPEN ANYWHERE WHEN A STATE SUCH AS YUGOSLAVIA DISINTEGRATES AND RADICAL NATIONALISM COMES TO THE SURFACE. HOWEVER IT IS CLEAR THAT THERE WAS A DELIBERATE CALCULATED POLICY DEVISED IN BELGRADE TO OCCUPY LAND BY ETHNIC AND MUSLIM CLEANSING. INDEED ONE CAN GO FURTHER AND PUT THE CASE THAT A CARVE UP WAS ARRANGED BY THE LEADERS OF CATHOLIC CROATIA AND EASTERN ORTHODOX SERBIA. IT WAS THE BOSNIAN MUSLIM LEADER IZETBEGOVIC WHO STOOD UP AND ADVOCATED BOSNIAN SELF DETERMINATION AND INDEPENDENCE. THE MAIN LESSON OF THE BOSNIAN WAR BETWEEN 1992-1995 IS THAT MUSLIMS NEED TO UNDERSTAND THAT ONLY THEY CAN BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR OWN DEFENCE AND SECURITY AND NOT RELY ON NONMUSLIMS TO PROTECT THEM.  INDEED THE FAILURE TO PREPARE FOR MILITARY SELF DEFENCE AND JIHAD AS INSTRUCTED BY THE QURAN WAS THE REASON FOR THE BOSNIAN MUSLIM TRAGEDY. BUT THINGS STARTED REVERSING WHEN THEY MOBILISED FOR ARMED MILITARY RESISTANCE AND JIHAD. HASBUNALLAH AND TAWAKKALLAH. THE SECOND FACTOR THAT NEEDS TO BE POINTED OUT IS THAT MUSLIMS NEED TO GET OUT OF DEFENCE PACTS CONTROLLED AND DOMINATED BY NONMUSLIM POWERS. WE NEED AN UNITED STATES OF ISLAM ARMY WHICH WILL BE MOBILISED WHEN MUSLIMS AND ISLAM ARE UNDER ATTACK. THE UNITED STATES OF ISLAM ARMY MAY NEED REGIONAL LEADERS AND TURKEY AS A BALKAN/EURASIAN POWER  SHOULD HAVE BROKEN RANKS WITH NATO DURING THIS WAR AND PROTECTED ITS MUSLIM BRETHREN. THIS IS THE ONLY WAY TO DEAL WITH ISLAMOPHOBIA AS ISLAMOPHOBIA ULTIMATELY WANTS TO KILL MUSLIMS AND ERASE ISLAM. SO MILITARY UNITY AND ARMED MILITARY RESISTANCE AND JIHAD IS REQUIRED.               




FOUR DISTURBING FACTS ABOUT THE SREBRENICA GENOCIDE 
https://www.trtworld.com/europe/four-disturbing-facts-about-the-srebrenica-genocide-28197

FOR SERBIA THE SREBENICA GENOCIDE 
"MISUNDERSTANDING " PAID OFF
Dr Hikmet Karcic 
https://www.trtworld.com/opinion/for-ser...-off-28190



WHAT ARE THE 10 STAGES OF GENOCIDE? 
Examining what led to the massacre of thousands of Bosnian Muslims, on the 24th anniversary of the Srebrenica genocide

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/20...16344.html

Family members mourn at the mass funeral for newly-identified victims of the 1995 Srebrenica genocide [File: Matej Divizna/Getty Images]

July 11 marks the 24th anniversary of the [/url]Srebrenica genocide, the worst atrocity on European soil since the Holocaust. In July, 1995, Serb forces systematically killed more than 8,000 Bosniak Muslim men and boys in the so-called UN-protected enclave in Srebrenica, Bosnia.

But what led to the massacre?
In the nineties, genocide scholar Gregory H Stanton, an American, examined the stages of genocide, which eventually became his "10 stages of genocide" theory. Genocide is not committed by a small group of individuals, rather a large number of people and the state all contribute to genocide.
At each stage preventive measures can stop the situation from deteriorating further, Stanton noted. Bosnian-Australian anthropologist Hariz Halilovic later added an eleventh stage particular to Bosnia's case - "trumphalism".

Here is how Stanton's 10 stages - and Halilovic's eleventh - relate to the Srebrenica genocide:


Stages 1, 2, 3: Classification, symbolization and discrimination


The idea of a Greater Serbia (including the territories of Bosnia, Kosovo, Croatia, Montenegro and other neighbouring countries) dates back to the 19th century, and was revived following the death of Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito in 1980. With the decline of the Communist bloc, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Serbian nationalists saw a chance to mobilise the masses in support of establishing a homogenous Serbian state. In Milosevic's famous address to a crowd in Belgrade in 1989, he presented himself as the savior of Serbdom and Europe. It enforced the notion of "us [Serbs] vs them". Bosniaks were typically called Turks, Balije (a slur for a Bosnian Muslim) and branded as terrorists and Islamic "extremists".


Stage 4: Dehumanisation


Many Serbs dehumanised Bosniaks, regarding them as little more than Muslims who posed a threat to the Serbian hegemonist project. "In order to mobilise domestic public opinion against the Muslims and to justify future acts against them in the eyes of the West, the Serbian leadership needed an image of Islam as a totalitarian, inherently violent, and culturally alien system on European soil," writes Fikret Karcic, professor at the University of Sarajevo, in his paper "Distorted Images of Islam: the case of former Yugoslavia."
"Such a distorted image had been provided by some influential Serbian orientalists, the Orthodox Church, and some historians."


Stage 5: Organisation

A plan to destroy Bosnia and "completely exterminate its Muslim people" was drawn up as early as the 1980s by the General Staff of the Yugoslav People's Army, according to Vladimir Srebrov, a politician who cofounded the SDS party with convicted Bosnian Serb war criminal Radovan Karadzic. Known as the famous RAM (frame) plan, its aim was to carve up Bosnia into a Greater Serbia and a Greater Croatia. In the plan, the officers explained how artillery, ammunition and military equipment would be stored in strategic locations in Croatia and Bosnia. A secret police force was planned for arming and training local Serbs to create police and paramilitary units in Bosnia. One document, written by the army's special services including experts in psychological warfare, stated that the most effective way to create terror and panic among the Bosniak population would be by raping women, minors, and even children.


Stage 6: Polarisation

Serbian and Bosnian Serb media regularly broadcasted polarising propaganda, to dehumanise victims and marginalise the opposition to war. In one case, while Serb forces held Sarajevo under siege, state-run Belgrade TV aired a false story intended to fuel hatred, including the line: "Muslim extremists have come up with the most horrifying way in the world of torturing people. Last night they fed the Serb children to the lions in the city's zoo."  This was reported on the evening news and was watched by several million viewers.

Stage 7: Preparation

Organised from Belgrade, Serbia, weapons were distributed to the Serb population by the truckload throughout 1990 and 1991 in Bosnia. "Weapons and military equipment were even flown in by military helicopters to Serbian military officers. It is said that by the end, almost no Serbian house was without an automatic gun," according to a UN report from 1994. "The pretext for the arms deliveries and the rearmament was that this was necessary for the defence against 'the enemies of the people' - the Muslim extremists."

Stage 8: Persecution

UN report from 1994.   "The pretext for the arms deliveries and the rearmament was that this was necessary for the defence against 'the enemies of the people' - the Muslim extremists."  Across Bosnia, influential, intellectual Bosniaks were often among the first to be executed, with their names drawn up in death lists. As Serb troops arrived in each town, they killed non-Serbs, often after torturing them. Bosniak properties were confiscated. As many as 50,000 Bosniak and Croat women, girls and young children were raped in Bosnia from 1992- 1995. A woman walks through the cemetery in Potocari, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Wednesday, March 20, 2019. In Prijedor, a city in western Bosnia, Bosniaks were forced to wear white armbands to be clearly identified and tie white flags to their doors.  Across the country 200,000 people were deported to concentration camps where they were tortured, starved and killed.  Others living under siege, such as in Sarajevo and Mostar, starved while being targeted by snipers and heavy shelling.  Srebrenica, which was known as the world's biggest detention camp, was under siege for three years, before it fell to Bosnian Serb forces in July 1995.  Serb troops separated boys and men aged between 12 and 77 from the rest of the population and took them to fields, schools and warehouses to be executed.


Stage 9: Extermination

On July 11 at 16:15 General Ratko Mladic (now a convicted war criminal) entered Srebrenica with Serb forces, including paramilitary units from Serbia, claiming the town for Serbs. Strolling through the streets with the TV cameras rolling, Mladic announced that there will be "revenge against the Turks".  Ratko Mladic sentenced to life in prison for genocide.  Panicked residents in the enclave fled to the UN Dutch Battalion base only to find that the 400 lightly-armed peacekeepers were unable to defend them. Serb forces had inherited much larger resources of the former Yugoslav army, the fourth largest in the world at the time.  On that day, thousands of Bosniak men start to make their escape through the woods, forming a column and hiking some 100km in an attempt to reach free territory controlled by the Bosnian army.  The journey was known as the death march, as they were ambushed, shot at and attacked by Serb forces. Less than a quarter of them survived.  Over the course of six days, more than 8,000 Bosniaks were killed. Women and small children were deported. Authorities stand by a mass grave exhumation site near Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina 



Stage 10: Denial

In an attempt to conceal the killings, Serb forces transported the dead bodies with bulldozers and trucks and buried them in numerous locations, leaving the victims' remains fragmented and crushed.  Human bones can be found as far as 20km apart, making it difficult for families to give their loved ones a proper burial. According to an Al Jazeera Balkans poll from 2018, 66 percent of Serbs in Republika Srpska deny the genocide.  Genocide denial is common in academic and political circles in Republika Srpska and Serbia.  The genocide is vehemently denied by politicians including Milorad Dodik, the current chairman and Serb member of Bosnia's tripartite presidency and by Serbian Prime Minister Ana Brnabic.  "[Denial] is among the surest indicators of further genocidal massacres," Stanton wrote. Mladic supporters demonstrate in Belgrade against Ratko Mladic's arrest [Srdjan Stevanovic/Getty Images]


Stage 11: Triumphalism

Convicted war criminals today are respected and honoured as war heroes.  According to the 2018 poll, 74 percent of Serbs in Republika Srpska consider Bosnian Serb convicted war criminal Radovan Karadzic, guilty of genocide and war crimes to be a hero.



Forgotten Genocide  2015
An IHRC Documentary looking unravelling the stories of genocide form across Bosnia.

Hasan Nuhanovic – Genocide Memorial Day 2012  2012
“Under the UN flag – the International Community and the Srebrenica Genocide”

Visiting the Genocide – An IHRC Film  2013
In 2012 the Islamic Human Rights Commission as part of Genocide Memorial Day held a poetry competition. The winner would travel to Bosnia to learn about the Genocide. This is Frano’s short story about his experience.

Forgotten Genocide Film Premier and Q&A  2015
A Q&A session with the producer and director of the film, Assed Baig as well as an activist and eyewitness of the horrific events Demir Mahmutcehajic, as well as thoughts from Massoud Shadjareh, chair of IHRC.

SREBRENICA: The Call for Justice by Arzu Merali 1995
“Every day of this war has seen the most unspeakable atrocities committed against ordinary civilians.” Arzu Merali speaks of heartwrenching story of the Srebrenica massacre.

No Coincidences by Sanja Bilic 2010
Sanja Bilic remembers the Srebrenica genocide in 1995 and asks why so many complicit in it are still free?

Politics or Justice: Differentiating between the Nuremberg Trials and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia by Demir Mahmutcehajic 2001
To ignore the fact that overwhelming majority of Serbs supported ethnic cleansing, mass murder, rape and genocide and not to find them accountable for being supporters of such crimes is defiantly a betrayal of international justice.
 
Shehids by Rusmir Mahmutehaji 1992
And even today, individuals and groups throughout Bosnia bear witness to the same message with their lives. They have been attacked and exposed to perils seemingly worse than anything in their past. Never before have so many martyrs, so many shehids, been laid in the earth in so short a time as in nineteen ninety-two and ninety-three.

You Will Burn My House Down – But I will Still Dream be Here: Memories of Bosnia, Genocide and the Histories of Hate2015
Arzu Merali reflects on the recent memorialisation of Srebrenica and the loss of its historical context.


Surviving the Bosnian Genocide: The Women of Srebrenica Speak / Selma Leydesdorff 
Srebrenica: Record of a War Crime / Jan Willem Honig and Norbert Both 
 
Sarajevo Essays: Politics, Ideology, and Tradition / Rusmir Mahmutcehajic 
One of Bosnia’s leading intellectuals explains the Bosnian experience by critiquing the politics and ideology that brought about the great destruction—both material and spiritual—of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These incisive and theologically profound essays address the confrontation between the West and Islam as the author explores the realm of humanity’s long-standing search for the roots of evil in the dual nature of mankind to gain insight into ways of achieving peace. By drawing on the Bosnian situation, the author explores questions of identity and otherness, knowledge and transcendence, authority and authoritarianism, and tradition and fundamentalism, and he argues for a reconciliation between modernity and tradition for the benefit of modern coexistence, not just in his native land but throughout the world.
 
 
LIVING BOSNIA: POLITICAL ESSAYS & INTERVIEWS / RUSMIR MAHMUTCEHAJIC
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HOW GLOBAL ANTI-MUSLIM BIGOTRY BECAME ACCEPTABLE - by Admin - 03-07-2010, 11:10 PM
RE: HOW GLOBAL ANTI-MUSLIM BIGOTRY BECAME ACCEPTABLE - by globalvision2000administrator - 07-11-2019, 07:21 PM

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