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Türkiye marked the centennial anniversary of the Treaty of Lausanne on July 24, commemorating the landmark pact that officially recognized the modern Turkish state.

The treaty, signed on July 24, 1923, is hailed as the concluding agreement of World War I and played a pivotal role in establishing the foundation of the Republic of Türkiye after the successful War of Independence against the occupying forces of Britain, France, Italy and Greece.

To honor the historic occasion, nongovernmental organizations and several municipalities organized a series of events across different provinces. In the capital city of Ankara, the Çankaya Municipality collaborated with various foundations to arrange a grand celebration program, culminating in a soul-stirring choir concert.The world-renowned state artist and conductor, Gürer Aykal, composed a special anthem dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the treaty.

Istanbul also saw numerous events and gatherings commemorating the milestone. Heybeliada, an island off Istanbul, hosted a discussion about the significance of the agreement in a local museum, while the Sisli Municipality arranged an exhibition and panel entitled "Peace Century" in honor of the treaty's centenary.

In the western city of Izmir, celebrations spanned an entire week, commencing with a youth camp on July 23 and followed by a compelling commemorative exhibition. Consisting of 40 panels, it will remain accessible to visitors until Aug. 30, allowing attendees to delve into the historical context surrounding the treaty.

The statue of Atatürk, the founder of modern Türkiye, and Ismet Inönü, who served as the chief negotiator for Türkiye in the Treaty of Lausanne, received wreaths as a sign of respect and remembrance. At the Ismet Inönü Stage, part of the municipal city theaters, a panel was also organized to honor the legacy of the former president.

Meanwhile, the Inönü Foundation, in a move to aid researchers, publicly uploaded all documents, photographs and videos from the agreement's archives on a website. Among these historical treasures were photographs capturing the moment ?nönü and the Turkish delegation affixed their signatures to the historic treaty.

The Treaty of Lausanne has left an indelible mark on Turkish history, delineating the nation's boundaries and defining the conditions under which non-Muslim minorities would coexist in the newly formed republic.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan also issued a message on July 24 marking the 100th anniversary of the historical treaty, emphasizing that the nation’s will for independence was reflected in the landmark pact.

"This will, which led our War of Independence to victory despite all the poverty and impossibilities, still guides us today, illuminates our path and gives the determination to struggle in the face of difficulties,” Erdogan said in a social media post.

“The solidarity demonstrated by our nation after the devastating Feb. 6 earthquakes is the most recent and concrete example of this.”

Erdogan emphasized that they will continue their efforts with the goal of building a stronger Türkiye, while aiming to establish peace, stability, and security in the region.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed to continue efforts to establish peace, stability and security in the region

Türkiye’s president marked the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, the landmark 1923 pact recognising the modern Turkish state.

"Today is the 100th anniversary of the Lausanne Peace Treaty, which constitutes one of the turning points in our history,” said Recep Tayyip Erdogan in a statement.

"Our honorable nation's will for full independence showed itself very strongly during the negotiation and signing process of the Lausanne Peace Treaty. Despite all the poverty and impossibilities, this will, which led our War of Independence to victory, still guides us, 
illuminates our path, and gives the determination to struggle in the face of difficulties.”
Türkiye will continue its efforts to establish peace, stability and security in the region, he added.

"While resolutely defending the rights we have gained with the Treaty of Lausanne, we will strengthen our country 's gains with new moves," he added.

Erdogan also expressed his respect for Gazi Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Republic of Türkiye, along with his comrades, martyrs, and veterans.

On July 24, countries around the world acknowledged Türkiye as an independent and sovereign nation with the historic signing of the Lausanne Peace Treaty. The Treaty of Lausanne – signed by Türkiye on one side and Britain, France, Italy, Greece, and their allies on the other – recognised the modern Turkish state and replaced the 1920 Treaty of Sevres, an unfair pact imposed on the Ottoman Empire after World War I.

In the mean time, the Turkish Communications Directorate has also published a statement on the treaty.

“Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Treaty of Lausanne, a pivotal milestone in our history. Our esteemed nation's unwavering determination for full independence was strongly demonstrated during the negotiation and signing process of the Treaty of Lausanne,” the Turkish Communications Directorate says.

“As we aim to establish peace, stability, and security in our region, we will continue our efforts both on the field and at the negotiating table with the vision of a strong Türkiye. While resolutely defending the rights achieved through the Treaty of Lausanne, we will reinforce our country's gains with new initiatives,” the directorate adds.


President Recep Tayyip Erdogan reiterated Türkiye's will to get rid of a coup-era constitution in remarks after a critical Cabinet meeting

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he aims to liberate Türkiye's Constitution from coup-era military tutelage ideology and revive it with a civilian and libertarian constitution on the centenary of the republic. Speaking to reporters following a cabinet meeting in the capital Ankara on Monday, the president noted that constitutional amendments were one of the priorities of the new government, elected in June.

Since 1982, the current Constitution, drafted following a military coup, has seen several amendments. The bloody 1980 coup, which led to the detention of hundreds of thousands of people along with mass trials, torture and executions, still represents a dark period in Turkish political history.

The proposed changes focus on the topics of freedom, the right to security, the right to a fair trial, freedom of speech as well as the rights of women and the disabled. The enhancement of these rights and liberties has seen setbacks in the bureaucracy that have prevented these rights and liberties from being implemented properly. The plan has been prepared in accordance with the observations and reports of the international mechanisms that monitor human rights in cooperation with several human rights groups.

Some of the other principles of the plan are human dignity, as the essence of all rights, under the active protection of the law; the equal, impartial and honest provision of public services to everyone; the rule of law shall be fortified in all areas as a safeguard for rights and freedoms, and no one may be deprived of liberty due to criticism or expression of thought.

He also noted that the Turkish Parliament will debate the headscarf and protection of family issues once it resumes sessions in the fall. Article 24 of the Constitution regulates the "freedom of religion and conscience," while Article 41 regulates the "protection of the family and children's rights."

Erdogan has been calling on political parties to create the necessary constitutional regulations to protect the legal framework surrounding women's freedom to wear a headscarf.
in January, the Parliament’s constitutional committee ratified the amendment that guarantees the constitutional right to wear the headscarf and redefines marriage in more concrete terms, paving the way for the amendment to land in Parliament.

In response to the Republican People's Party's (CHP) previous call to amend constitutional rights regarding the choice to wear a headscarf in public life, Erdogan said: "Let's provide the solution at the level of the Constitution, not the law."

Turkish headscarf-wearing women have long struggled under laws that prevented them from wearing headscarves at schools as students and in public institutions as professionals, despite the prevalence of headscarf-wearing women in the country. The CHP had fueled anti-headscarf sentiment among the people and supported laws banning it.

The issue of the headscarf ban held an important place in public and political debates in Türkiye throughout the 1990s and 2000s. The headscarf ban in Türkiye was first implemented widely in the 1980s but became stricter after 1997 when the military forced the conservative government to resign in an incident later dubbed the Feb. 28 "postmodern coup."

Türkiye's Parliament lifted a ban on female students wearing the headscarf at university in 2008 in a move championed by Erdogan and which the CHP lawmakers, including Kiliçdaroglu, had sought unsuccessfully to block in the constitutional court.

In 2013, Türkiye lifted a ban on women wearing headscarves in state institutions under reforms that the government said were designed to bolster democracy.

Palestinian talks
The Palestinian president's meeting with Hamas political chief in Türkiye has a "different dimension," President Erdogan said, reiterating support for the Palestinian cause and the struggle of the Palestinian people.

"We hosted Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in Ankara. On this occasion, we once again renewed our strong support for the Palestinian cause and the struggle of the Palestinian people," Erdogan said after a Cabinet meeting in the capital Ankara.

On July 27, Erdogan held a closed-door meeting with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Ismail Haniyeh, the Hamas group's political chief.

"The meeting of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Hamas political bureau head Ismail Haniyeh, hosted by our country, added a different dimension to this visit," Erdogan said.
Erdogan added Türkiye would welcome Palestinians resolving their differences.

Ankara strongly supports a two-state solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict, including the establishment of a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital.

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