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GLOBAL UMMAH SOLIDARITY
PROBABLY THIS THEME DESERVES RELEASING A NEW THREAD TO BE CREATED AND UPLOADED HERE. HOWEVER, FOR THE TIME BEING THE PROMOTION AND TEACHING OF ARABIC AS THE LINGUA FRANCA OF THE GLOBAL UMMAH WILL BE POSTED HERE. ENJOY THE RIDE OF LIFELONG LEARNING AS WELL AS UNDERSTANDING ONE OF THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF GLOBAL UMMAH SOLIDARITY.



THE RISE OF ARABIC :
FROM AN EPIC PAST TO AN EVIDENCE BASED HISTORY 
Dr. Ahmad Al-Jallad




THE ORIGINS OF ARABIC







THE ARABIC LANGUAGE :
ITS AMAZING HISTORY AND FEATURES




300 ARABIC WORDS FOR EVERYDAY LIFE  -
Basic Vocabulary



Tips For Quickly Learning Arabic Vocabulary
https://www.mosalingua.com/en/learning-a...ocabulary/
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GLOBAL VISION 2000 WILL GO THE EXTRA MILE TO FATHOM THE REALITIES OF THE STATE OF THE UMMAH. IF IT NECESSITATES HISTORICAL REVISIONISM SO BE IT. THE STAKES ARE HIGH BUT THE TRUTH NEEDS TO EMERGE AND STAND OUT.  HERE WE LOOK AT THE WORK OF DR.ISHTIAQ AHMED ON THE RISE OF THE 2 NATION THEORY AND THE CREATION OF PAKISTAN OUT OF BRITISH INDIA AS AN UNIQUE ISLAMIC IDEOLOGICAL TERRITORIAL GARRISON STATE.

HIS MAIN ARGUMENT IN ESSENCE IS THAT PAKISTAN WAS CREATED IN THE 1940S AS A BUFFER STATE BY THE DYING BRITISH EMPIRE TO PREVENT AN UNIFIED INDIAN STATE WITH PRO COMMUNIST LEANINGS ALLYING WITH THE SOVIET UNION. A PROVOKING THOUGHT FOR MUSLIM LEADERS AND LEADERSHIP IS THAT THE BRITISH RAJ WAS RUN BARELY BY 50000 WHITE BRITISH ARMY OFFICERS. HIS WORK IS BASED ON PRIMARY SOURCES.

ONE QUESTION THAT ARISES IMMEDIATELY IS HOW THE BRITISH STATE WHICH IS THE LEGACY STATE OF THE BRITISH RAJ CAN BE MADE ACCOUNTABLE FOR CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY. THESE QUESTIONS NEED TO BE ASKED AS FORMER IMPERIALISTS NEED TO BE MADE TO REALISE THAT THEIR ACTIONS HAVE CONSEQUENCES AND PENALTIES.

THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR OUR ERA NEED TO BE CHARTED  OUT.  AGAIN THOSE FOLLOWING THIS STORY NEED TO GET MULTI-LINGUAL OR MULTI-SKILLED IN THEIR RESEARCH.




PAKISTAN THE GARRISON STATE 
Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed



THE BLOODY PATH OF PUNJAB PARTITION WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENED DETAILS
Dr Ishtiaq Ahmed



THE UNTOLD STORY OF THE PARTITION OF PUNJAB 1947






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INDIA-PAKISTAN PARTITION EXPLAINED



JINNAH: HIS SUCCESSES, FAILURES AND ROLE IN HISTORY





PARTITION OF INDIA AND THE ROLE OF QUAID E AZAM
Professor Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed






JINNAH OR THE BRITISH : WHO CREATED PAKISTAN?
Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed
Abbas Haidar




DECODING JINNAH





EAST PAKISTAN's REAL STORY


LET's FINISH 'THE STORY OF PAKISTAN'



STORY OF THE SUBCONTINENT
Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed




SIR SYED AHMED KHAN AND THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE



SIR SYED AHMED KHAN (1817 - 1898), THE TWO NATION THEORY, EDUCATION AND THE SOCIAL QUESTION



ALLAMA IQBAL AND THE TWO NATION THEORY



THE JINNAH -GANDHI CLASH AND THE KHILAFAT ISSUE



1857 SEPOY MUTINY OR WAR OF INDEPENDENCE ?



TOP 10 MUSLIM LEADERS WHO OPPOSED PAKISTAN 
Reply
HUM MUSTAFAVI HAIN 
Ali Zafar
OIC Council of Foreign Ministers





INDIA AND OPPOSITION BOTH ARE OUT TO
SABOTAGE OIC CONFERENCE 
Lt Gen ® Amjad Shoaib






IMAM OF GRAND MOSQUE IS PRAYING FOR IMRAN KHAN OVER HIS DEPARTURE

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PRESIDENT ERDOGAN TO MEET KING SALMAN DURING TWO DAY VISIT
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GIVEN TURKIYE'S POSITION A REVIEW OF THE AKP'S FOREIGN RELATIONS UNDER PRESIDENT ERDOGAN'S  LEADERSHIP IS CHARTED



HISTORICAL SPEECH OF TURKISH PRESIDENT ERDOGAN IN UN





WHAT IS THE GRAND PLAN TO BOLSTER TURKIC NATIONS ?





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1ST TURKEY-PAKISTAN SECURITY DIALOGUE BEGINS IN ISTANBUL







PAK- TURK SECURITY DIALOGUE
May 9-15, 2022 - Istanbul, Turkey
https://csspr.uol.edu.pk/pakturk-2



The Center for Security, Strategy and Policy Research (CSSPR), University of Lahore, in tandem with its Turkish partners, will organize the first of its kind Pak-Turk Security Dialogue from May 9 until May 15. The Dialogue comprises three conferences on regional and global security issues. On May 10, CSSPR and the Istanbul Aydin University will host a conference titled ‘Evaluation of Regional Security Issues: Turkish and Pakistani Perspectives.’ This roundtable is aimed at assessing some of the most pressing issues dominating the security landscape that, going forward, could, collectively and individually, effect a series of changes in Ankara’s and Islamabad’s security orientations and policies. In this conference, a 16-member  group of experienced and highly-qualified scholars from Turkey will deliberate on a host of security-related issues through a Turkish lens. Meet them 
https://csspr.uol.edu.pk/pakturk-2

On May 11, CSSPR, along with SETA Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Research, and Hasan Kalyoncu University, will host a conference on ‘Transnationalism Vs Statism : Generating and Consuming Security’. This scholarly exchange of views between Pakistani and Turkish scholars will enable them to deconstruct not only a plethora of challenges facing states but also how the force of globalization, with its threats and opportunities, is affecting states’ behaviors and approaches towards security. A 10-member delegation, comprising top-notch Turkish academics, will share Turkey’s perspectives in this conference. Meet them here.

On May 12 and 13, CSSPR and the Bahcesehir University (BAU) will hold dialogues  on ‘Regional Security Architecture’ and ‘Global Security Landscape’, respectively. These two academic endeavors will look at the evolving contours of regional and global security and their  ramifications on the prospect of regional connectivity, economic integration, and great power rivalries.   The Pakistani delegation that will partake in these conferences comprises an experienced and illustrious group of experts and scholars, who have dealt with, taught, and analyzed, matters relating to regional and global security. Meet our Pakistani delegates here.







In what is described as the first Turkey-Pakistan security dialogue, Professor Rabia Akhtar from the University of Lahore said the participants discussed how the regional security architecture shaped the foreign policies of the two countries.

In what is described as the first Turkey-Pakistan security dialogue, Professor Rabia Akhtar from the University of Lahore said the participants discussed how the regional security architecture shaped the foreign policies of the two countries.

A group of scholars and practitioners from Turkey and Pakistan deliberated on regional security issues Tuesday in the Turkish metropolis of Istanbul

"This is the first such opportunity to listen firsthand from scholars of the two countries, to share our views candidly, which was intellectually a very, very engaging exercise," said Akhtar, who is director of the Center for Security, Strategy and Policy Research at the university.


Pakistani journalist Ejaz Haider said it is important for Turkey and Pakistan to have strategic dialogue "because there are a number of issues which are common to Pakistan and Turkey."

"For instance, take the example of Syria, and you can have a comparison with what Pakistan has gone through in Afghanistan," he said, adding Turkey and Pakistan's relationships with the US was another issue.

"It is important to listen to Turkish scholars and share our findings as how we look at the regional security issues as far as Pakistan is concerned," he added.

The dialogue between Turkish and Pakistani scholars and practitioners will continue with different institutions in Istanbul until Friday, said Akhtar. Turkey is a 'second generation middle-power country'  H?z?r Tar?k O?uzlu a political science teacher at Istanbul Aydin University, said Turkey has pursued a "much more dimensional foreign policy" since early 2000.

By strengthening its relations with Russia, he said, Turkey enjoyed "strategic autonomy," but Turkey never said "goodbye to West. It is a member of NATO, is trying to become part of the

EU and has more than half of its trade with this European bloc."

He described Turkey as a "second generation middle-power country unlike traditional middle powers." "Now, in the Western world-led international liberal order, sensitivities of non-Western countries are being taken into consideration more frequently," he said.

Zafar Nawaz Jaspal, professor of politics and international relations at Quaid-e-Azam University in Pakistan, said the South Asian region "did not enjoy the end of the Cold War…We remained in that tension."

He said there were four different eras of containment, including the US' "Pivot Asia" policy to contain China; the Quad, which Beijing calls the Asian version of NATO; the containment of Russia, which hit back in 2008, 2014 and now in 2022; and the containment of Qatar in 2017.

"India tried to contain and isolate Pakistan, but it failed," he said, adding the region is witnessing an "arms race."

Besides the strategic competition between Pakistan and India, he said there are positive trends happening through regional connectivity initiatives, including the Economic Cooperation Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, China's Belt and Road Initiative, and its flagship program the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. On whether Turkey and Pakistan can cooperate in nuclear tech, the Pakistani academic said that Ankara cannot do so "because it is part of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and it can benefit from the Nuclear Suppliers Group."

He lauded Turkey for its know-how of the "handling of nuclear weapons," calling it "important."

"Turkey was part of solving the Cuban missile crisis issue in the 1960s," he recalled.

He said Turkey was facing sub-conventional challenges "not military, neither nuclear."

'PAKISTAN CAN BENEFIT FROM TURKISH ECONOMIC MODEL'

Syed Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy, an international relations professor from Peshawar, reflected on India's "territorial expansionism" and resolution of the Kashmir dispute.

He said the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation was "hostage to India,"

which has resulted in low trade among the South Asian nations.

On Turkey-Pakistan relations, he lauded the Turkish economic model as "wonderful," adding "Pakistan can benefit from it."

"The two countries can trade in their own currencies," he suggested.

Calling for an end to double standards, he said: "whatever happens in Afghanistan never stays

in Afghanistan…It always has a spillover effect."

Ejaz Haider, a Pakistani commentator and journalist, said Pakistan "needed political stability and economic progress," which will allow it to deal with hard as well as non-traditional security issues.


Professor Ahmet Kasim Han from Aydin University pointed out the importance of "logistics" [b][b]to boost Turkey-Pakistan relations.  Farhan Siddiqui, a Pakistani academic from Quaid-e-Azam University, noted trade, refugee issues, ethnic conflicts, social and national cohesion and national security as common issues between the two countries besides "democracy and democratization and making bridges with the rest of the world."

PAK-TURKEY RELATIONS COMMON TIES
https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/19513


PAK- TURKISH RELATIONSHIP
https://gasam.org.tr/wp-content/uplohttps://gasam.org.tr/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Pakistan-Turkey-Report.pdf


TURKEY AND PAKISTAN: BRIDGING THE GROWING DIVERGENCE
http://sam.gov.tr/pdf/perceptions/Volume...-Ahmad.pdf


DYNAMICS OF PAKISTAN TURKEY RELATIONS
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/She...5f6333bda6



DECODING THE TURKEY PAKISTAN ALLIANCE
https://www.vifindia.org/sites/default/files/Decoding-the-Turkey-Pakistan-Alliance.pdf


PAK TURK STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK AND GEO ECONOMIC RELATIONS IN POST 911 ERA :
A WAY FORWARD FOR STRONG PARTNERSHIP 
www.gprjournal.com/jadmin/Auther/31rvIolA2LALJouq9hkR/wtDLCeBbje.pdf


TURKEYPAKISTAN STRATEGIC ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK

DRAFT JOINT ACTION PLAN
https://www.baib.gov.tr/files/downloads/PageFiles/b4ed062c-ed72-e911-9bde-001a64655414/Files/ek%201%20pak%C4%B0stan%20se%C3%A7%20eylem%20plan%C4%B1.pdf


KARDES : THE ORIGINS OF PAKISTAN TURKIYE BROTHERHOOD
https://www.brecorder.com/news/595826
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PROBING FURTHER INTO THE IDEALS AND REALITIES OF GLOBAL ISLAMIC SOLIDARITY

MUSLIM WORLD OR UMMAH ?
ORIGINS, CONTENT AND EVOLUTION OF PAN ISLAMIC THOUGHT





KASHMIR TRAGEDY:
WAY FORWARD FOR KASHMIRIS FOR INDIA AND PAKISTAN ?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BsGBodN0PFE




AUGUST 5: ANOTHER GRIM ANNIVERSARY FOR KASHMIRIS UNDER HINDU SETTLER COLONIALISM
https://crescent.icit-digital.org/articles/august-5-another-grim-anniversary-for-kashmiris-under-hindu-settler-colonialism


August 5 has become another grim anniversary in the long list of anniversaries that the people of Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir observe every year. It was on this date in 2019 that the Indian fascist regime headed by Narendra Modi unilaterally abrogated articles 370 and 35A, abolishing the autonomous status of the state as well as opening the floodgates to non-Kashmiris, mostly Hindus, to settle there.

There was immediate reaction against Modi’s illegal move. It was denounced not only by the Kashmiris but by their friends and allies worldwide as well as by all people that cherish freedom and uphold justice as a fundamental principle of life. In subsequent years, August 5 has been observed to draw attention to Modi’s illegal action as well as express rejection of this diabolical move meant to subjugate the already oppressed people of India’s Illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK).

This year will be no exception. Kashmiri leaders of all political persuasions have already issued statements condemning India’s fascist tactics in IIOJK as the August 5 anniversary approaches. For instance, Vice Chairman of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) Ghulam Ahmad Gulzar, issued a statement from prison saying that August 5 is one of the most tragic, painful and darkest days of modern Kashmir history. He further said that the Kashmiris will always observe it as exploitation day, a day of mourning and a black day. Ghulam Ahmad Gulzar is held in Srinagar Central Jail.

Without mincing words despite clear danger to his life, the APHC leader said in a statement from jail that on August 5, 2019, the RSS-backed fascist regime led by the killer of humanity Modi usurped political, social, religious and all other basic rights of the Kashmiris. He said Modi had turned IIOJK into a huge open-air prison and imposed suffocating restrictions in the territory.

Describing it as an attack on Kashmir’s unique identity, culture, employment, demography and basic fundamental rights by Hindutva forces, he called for unity among the Kashmiris to confront Hindutva imperialism and expansionism. He said the life, property, honour, culture, identity, land and everything of the Kashmiris was at stake today.

Long before Modi’s illegal move three years ago, the 10 million Kashmiris were already languishing under a brutal military regime. India has maintained more than 900,000 troops in Kashmir in an attempt to crush the spirit of resistance and freedom. Nearly two-thirds of the state of Jammu and Kashmir was illegally occupied by invading Indian army forces in October 1947.

The Kashmiris’ struggle for their fundamental rights predates India’s illegal occupation in October 1947, indeed even the creation of Pakistan and India in August 1947. The people of Kashmir had staged their first uprising against the Hindu Dogra ruler, Hari Singh in 1931.

Comprising three parts—the Kashmir Valley (more than 97 percent Muslim), Jammu (62 percent Muslim) and Ladakh (predominantly Buddhist with 20 percent Muslim population)—the state’s overall population was predominantly Muslim. The Kashmir Valley comprises the bulk of the state population with Srinagar serving as state capital.

The Kashmiris were fed up of the Hindu ruler’s oppression and wanted to overthrow the yoke of Hindu imperialism. Their struggle intensified in October 1947 and has continued ever since. While the Dogra ruler fled, an even more ruthless occupier, much larger and better armed, occupied the state. The people’s struggle against the new Hindu occupiers has continued unabated despite India deploying more than 900,000 troops.

Indian occupation troops have indulged in wanton killings, rapes and fake encounters to kill the Kashmiri youth. India has embarked on a policy of genocide and ethnic cleansing. Since 1989, more than 95,000 Kashmiris have been killed. Recorded cases of rape against Kashmiri women and girls stand at more than 11,000. The actual number is much higher because many families, not wishing to incur the stigma of rape, do not report such cases to the police. Even if reported, not one Indian soldier or other offender has been apprehended much less charged with this heinous crime.

There have also been large scale arrests of Kashmiri leaders. Some have been moved out of Kashmir into jails in India in contravention of international law. The Hindu fascists, however, are not constrained by legality or morality. They use brute force to achieve their nefarious agenda.

Yasin Malik, a long-time freedom struggler and peace activist, has languished in India’s notorious Tihar Jail for years. He was convicted on fake charges and brought to court. He refused to be represented by a lawyer and spoke directly to the judge pointing out that the charges against him were fake.

He was sentenced to life in prison. Indian courts are notorious for handing down political judgements. Yasin Malik went on hunger strike on July 22 and his health condition, already precarious because of a serious heart ailment, deteriorated so much that he ended up in hospital. There are grave concerns for his well-being. Kashmiri leaders inside Kashmir and abroad have demanded that he must be provided proper medical care. Given the Hindu fascists’ genocidal policies, this may not be forthcoming. They would rather see Yasin Malik than alive.

Since August 2019, the Kashmiris’ already grim plight has worsened. For them it is no longer an issue of the restoration of abrogated articles. Now they are struggling for their very survival. With prolonged curfews and clampdowns over the last three years, most people are literally on the verge of starvation. Their very survival is at stake. Their financial losses exceed $10 billion.

It is a deliberate policy of the Modi regime: forcible evictions and usurpation of the Kashmiris’ lands. It is the same policy the zionist occupiers are pursuing in Palestine. Like the zionists, the Hindu fascists take over any area or locality by simply declaring it a ‘sensitive security zone’. They have already taken over strategic mountain tops and golf courses declaring them militarily sensitive areas.

The prolonged lockdown has meant that people have run out of provisions and their life’s savings. Fruit growers that depended on this seasonal produce have been unable to tend to their trees and hence harvest them properly. Further, restrictions on movement have resulted in fruits that have been produced and harvested, rot before reaching the market.

People live in constant fear of being evicted by forcible seizure of their property. While the Kashmiris—indigenous people of the land—are subjected to this terrifying policy of land grab in contravention of all international laws, Hindu settlers brought in from India are being accommodated.

Hindu temples are springing up in localities where no Hindus have ever lived before. This clearly points to the policy of forced settlements to make the occupation permanent. In fact, ethnic-cleansing of indigenous Kashmiris and ethnic-flooding of Hindu fascists are being pursued simultaneously in utter disregard of the international and UN-acknowledged status of Jammu and Kashmir as being “disputed area,” where any such change is manifestly illegal.

The Hindu settler colonialists are pursuing a multi-pronged policy. The “security” pretext is used not only to bring in more troops but also to settle military personnel in strategic areas. Many are retired army personnel or bureaucrats that have in the past served in Kashmir and are, therefore, familiar with the local environment, geography and topography. They are also sufficiently desensitized to suffer any pangs of conscience in brutalizing the Kashmiris.

The other group comprises Hindu fascists of the Hindutva brigade. These Hindu fascists are determined to not only turn India into a completely Hindu state with no place for any other religious minority, but also occupied regions like Jammu and Kashmir. Between April and December of 2020, more than 3.2 million non-Kashmiris, mostly Hindus were settled in Kashmir, according to then President Masood Khan of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Since then, more non-Kashmiri Hindus have been settled.

The aim is clear: change the demography of the state and turn the Kashmiris into a minority. This is classic settler colonial policy. Can genocide be far behind, as feared by Genocide Watch three years ago? The nomadic Muslim tribal people, the Bakarwals and Gujjars, of Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir are particularly vulnerable. They have already faced thousands of such motivated evictions.



A TALE OF TWO SUMMITS
https://crescent.icit-digital.org/articles/a-tale-of-two-summits



Last month, there were two summits held virtually back-to-back. The first in the Saudi port city of Jeddah was held on July 16 while the second three days later in Tehran. The contrast between the two could not be greater. One was held to take the Middle East back to a dark past while the other chalked out a new bold strategy for the future.

In Jeddah, US President Joe Biden attempted to act like the old boss dictating terms to the potentates of the Middle East but did not gain much traction. In Tehran, the presidents of Iran, Russia and Turkey met as equals. While the meeting was ostensibly to advance the Astana process to bring about peace in Syria, a number of important agreements were also signed with far-reaching consequences for the region as well as the world at large.



When Biden claimed that the US will remain an active, engaged partner in the Middle East, his words were not taken seriously, for obvious reasons. The US is a has-been superpower that no longer has the ability to get its way. The beatings its forces got in Iraq and Afghanistan have demonstrated to Middle Eastern dictators that the US cannot be relied upon for protection.



In fact, the manner in which Biden was received at Jeddah airport showed what was in store for him at the so-called ‘Security summit’ in Jeddah. Unlike past presidents, Biden was greeted by low level Saudi officials: the governor of Makkah, Prince Khalid bin Faisal, and Saudi ambassador to Washington, Reema bint Bandar.



This contrasted sharply with the lavish reception thrown for Biden’s predecessor Donald Trump when he visited Riyadh in May 2017. There was much pomp and ceremony, ceremonial guards’ parade, sword dance and a camel cavalcade. Trump was treated as royalty; he loved every moment of it. Biden was treated as dirt. The wound was self-inflicted.



Things did not get any better at the summit. Saudi crown prince Mohammad bin Salman (MbS) greeted Biden with a fist bump and then without making eye contact or speaking, led him to meet the ailing King Salman. At the summit when Biden raised the question of Jamal Khashoggi’s murder, MbS shot back by reminding him about the US torture of prisoners at Abu Ghraib in Iraq. Biden had merely said about Khashoggi’s murder: “if anything occurs like that again they will get that response and much more.” In other words, forget about Khashoggi’s brutal murder; the US needs Saudi Arabia to pump more oil. MbS made no such commitment and took Biden’s statement as a green light to continue to brutalize Saudis that speak out about human rights.



Even Biden’s pledge that the US will not walk away from the Middle East leaving the field to Russia, China and Iran was greeted by the Arabian potentates with a hardly repressed yawn. His call to take on Iran and “prevent it from acquiring nuclear weapons”—Iran is not interested in nuclear weapons—was similarly treated with disdain.



In fact, a day before Biden made the no-nuclear weapons for Iran remarks, a senior Emirati official said the UAE would not join any anti-Iran alliance. Anwar Gargash, advisor to UAE president on foreign affairs, dismissed the idea of a ‘Middle East NATO’ as merely a “theoretical” concept and that confrontation was not an option for Abu Dhabi.



We are open to cooperation, but not cooperation targeting any other country in the region and I specifically mention Iran,” he said. Gargash further said: “The UAE is not going to be a party to any group of countries that sees confrontation as a direction.” This was a reference to the idea of a Middle Eastern NATO floated by the US. It would bring in Zionist Israel as well into a tighter military alliance with the Arabian regimes.



He also revealed that the UAE was in the process of sending an ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Iran. “Our conversation is ongoing ... we are in the process of sending an ambassador to Tehran. All these areas of rebuilding bridges are ongoing,” he revealed.



On July 26, the UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed al-Nahyan and his Iranian counterpart Hossein Amir-Abdollahian discussed ways of “boosting bilateral relations and areas of cooperation for the benefit of both countries,” the Emirati state news agency WAM reported. The Iranian Foreign Ministry said Amir-Abdollahian “welcomed the enhancement of the level of ties between the two countries” as “an important step in the process of developing bilateral relations.”



The day after the Jeddah summit, Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan told CNN that talks are going on between Iran and the GCC states for improvement of relations and the focus should be on engagement and changing Iran’s behaviour. It was also announced that Saudi and Iranian officials will again be meeting in Baghdad to advance the process of rapprochement. The octogenarian American president must have come away stunned from his Middle East tour.



The only thing Biden got out of his Jeddah meeting was the Saudis’ announcement to allow overflights of Israeli commercial planes over its territory. This was couched in the language of allowing a number of countries to use Saudi airspace. The Saudi announcement merely confirmed what was already occurring.



In Tehran, meanwhile, the three leaders demanded the withdrawal of all US forces from Syria that have illegally occupied parts of the country. The Americans are also stealing Syrian oil. This is neither new nor surprising.



In Tehran, meanwhile, a number of economic and strategic agreements were signed including $40-billion Russian investment in developing Iran’s oil and gas sector. Turkey similar pledged to purchase more Iranian gas and oil.



The so-called Jeddah summit wanted to take the region to its inglorious past while the Tehran summit was forward-looking. It emphasized peaceful co-existence, good neighbourly relations and prevention of US-NATO interference in regional affairs.



Welcome to the multipolar world order in which there is no room for US hegemony and mischief-making.
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HOW THE OTTOMAN FAMILY WAS EXILED AFTER CONSPIRACIES AND FALL OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE 
Letter of Sultan Abdul Hamid



OTTOMAN FAMILY NOW




KHILAFAT USMANIA KA KHATIMA KASAY HOA ?
Dr. Israr Ahmed R.A




MUSTAFA KAMAL PASHA  
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PAKISTAN RENEWS SUPPORT TO KASHMIRIS ON BLACK DAY
https://www.dawn.com/news/1717262/pakist...-black-day




MUZAFFARABAD: Kashmiri students take part in a demonstration at Azadi Chowk on Thursday, observing ‘Black Day’ in solidarity with the people of India-held Kashmir.—Online

MUZAFFARABAD: As men, women and children held rallies across the country, including Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), on Thursday to condemn invasion of occupied Jammu and Kashmir by India on this day in 1947, Pakistan renewed its support to the just cause of Kashmiris, making it clear that their urge for freedom could not be suppressed for long through the use of brute force.

On Oct 27, 1947, India had landed its troops in Srinagar on the premise of an Instrument of Accession purported to have been signed by the then Hindu ruler of the princely state a day earlier after virtually losing authority in the face of a popular public revolt against the autocracy.

India occupied a large part of the valley and took the issue to the United Nations where it pledged to refer to the will of the Kashmiris through a free, fair and impartial plebiscite under the auspices of the world body. But the promise was never kept, which is why Kashmiris across the globe mark October 27 as ‘Black Day’.

“…This Day is a testament to Kashmiris’ legendary courage & resilience they have shown in standing up to the Indian occupation forces over the last 75 years,” said Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif in tweet.

Rallies held to condemn India’s breach of pledge at UN to hold a plebiscite
“Today, the people of Pakistan pay rich tribute to Kashmiris & vow to keep standing by them in their just struggle. The world should not turn a blind eye to Indian human rights abuses in IIOJK, which is a heavily militarized valley. Urge for freedom cannot be suppressed for long,” he added.


Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari also paid tribute to the Kashmiris for rendering sacrifices in the struggle for the right to self-determination and reiterated Islamabad’s resolve to continue backing them in their endeavour.

“Oct 27 is the darkest day in the history of India which emerged as the worst dictator and colonialist country in the world 75 years ago,” he said.

AJK Prime Minister Sardar Tanveer Ilyas also took to Twitter to point out India’s about-face regarding the plebiscite and the worst-ever state-sponsored terrorism being perpetrated by it in the illegally occupied territory of Kashmir.


In Muzaffarabad, a large number of activists lined up behind large banners, inscribed with anti-India and pro-freedom slogans, at a bustling roundabout outside the press club. The demonstration was organised by Pasban-i-Hurriyat Jammu Kashmir, an organisation of post-1989 migrants from Indian occupied Kashmir.
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WHAT IS NAJD AND SAUDI ARABIA'S BACKGROUND ?

ARAB REVOLT, OTTOMAN EMPIRE AND BRITISH BETRAYAL



THIS MAN ATE GRASSHOPPERS TO SAVE MADINAH


KHILFAT USMANIA ( SULTANAT -e-USMANIA ) KA  KHATIMA KASAY HOA




SULTAN ABDUL HAMID II




SAUDI ARABIAN AND HASHEMITE ROYAL FAMILY TREES 


WAHHABISM AND THE WORLD 



WHO ARE KHWARIJ AND LOCATION OF NAJD
Aamir Ibrahiim 
https://archive.org/stream/WhoAreKhawari...d_djvu.txt
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